The term sugar cane refers to a set of plant species of the family Poaceae and the genus Saccharum. They are grown for their stems, which is extracted from sugar.
With an annual production exceeds 1.7 billion tons, are the first crops globally, with nearly 23% of the total mass produced in agriculture in the world.
They were to the early nineteenth century, the only significant source of sugar and are currently still 65 to 70% of sugar production.
Sugar cane description:
Sugar cane is a tall grass herbaceous tropical port of reed, with a height ranging from 2.5 to 6 meters. Stems with a diameter of 1.5 to 6 cm, are full.
The leaves are alternate, files are divided into two opposite and have a blade of about 1 m length of 2 to 10 cm wide.
They are ten in number of plants growing at the bottom of the stem stripping as and when the lower leaves dry up.
The inflorescence is a terminal panicle half a meter to a meter long. In culture, the sugar cane is usually cut before flowering. It is a perennial rhizomatous its strain.
Read more here about sugar cane.